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修罗武神烟火里的尘埃 >> 统战知识
民主党派组(zu)织(zhi)发展“三个(ge)为主”方针的由来
    


  民主党派的(de)(de)组(zu)织发(fa)展,是(shi)各(ge)民主党派自(zi)身建设的(de)(de)重(zhong)要内容,关系到多(duo)党合(he)作(zuo)事(shi)业的(de)(de)长期存在(zai)和健康(kang)发(fa)展。各(ge)民主党派组(zu)织发(fa)展的(de)(de)基本方针(zhen)是(shi):以重(zhong)点分工为主、以大(da)中城市为主、以有一定代表性的(de)(de)人士(shi)为主,注重(zhong)政治素质(zhi),发(fa)展与巩(gong)固相结合(he),有计划地稳(wen)步发(fa)展。

  一、“三个为主(zhu)”方针的提出和各(ge)民主(zhu)党派组织(zhi)的初(chu)步发展(zhan)阶(jie)段

  新中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)成(cheng)立(li)后,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)(gong)产党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)与各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)共(gong)(gong)同纲(gang)领(ling)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)基(ji)础上(shang)(shang)(shang)继续合作(zuo)(zuo),并支持各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)不(bu)仅要(yao)继续存在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai),还要(yao)进(jin)一(yi)步(bu)(bu)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。为(wei)(wei)了(le)帮助(zhu)(zhu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组织发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),1950年3月,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)建(jian)议(yi)(yi):各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)要(yao)将巩固和(he)(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)相结合,有(you)计划、有(you)步(bu)(bu)骤地(di)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan);各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)社会上(shang)(shang)(shang)应(ying)有(you)适当分(fen)(fen)工(gong),各(ge)(ge)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)之间(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)关(guan)系可(ke)适当调整(zheng);各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)象(xiang)(xiang)是面向(xiang)群(qun)众,重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)放(fang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)下层(ceng)(ceng),集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)大(da)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城市发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),建(jian)立(li)一(yi)定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)规模(mo)。民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)对(dui)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)议(yi)(yi)表(biao)示基(ji)本(ben)赞同,但对(dui)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)象(xiang)(xiang)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)放(fang)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)“中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)”还是“中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)下层(ceng)(ceng)”意(yi)见不(bu)一(yi)。经过反复论证,各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)和(he)(he)(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)都认为(wei)(wei),各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)代(dai)(dai)表(biao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)各(ge)(ge)阶级(ji)、阶层(ceng)(ceng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)特别是上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)有(you)代(dai)(dai)表(biao)性的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)物在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)这些阶级(ji)阶层(ceng)(ceng)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)具有(you)较显著影(ying)响,争取了(le)他们更有(you)利于(yu)发(fa)(fa)(fa)挥较大(da)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)政治作(zuo)(zuo)用。1952年,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)统战部在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)《关(guan)于(yu)协助(zhu)(zhu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)员(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)办法的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)报告》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),将民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)纠正为(wei)(wei)“以中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”,并强(qiang)调应(ying)“首(shou)先(xian)着重(zhong)(zhong)吸收一(yi)批在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)社会上(shang)(shang)(shang)有(you)影(ying)响的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)分(fen)(fen)子(zi)”。各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)接受(shou)了(le)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)建(jian)议(yi)(yi),并根据发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)方针,确定(ding)了(le)各(ge)(ge)自(zi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)活动范(fan)围和(he)(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)象(xiang)(xiang),先(xian)后展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)开了(le)整(zheng)顿和(he)(he)(he)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)组织工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)革(ge)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)旧(jiu)公务人(ren)员(yuan)、旧(jiu)国(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)员(yuan);民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)盟重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)文(wen)(wen)教(jiao)界人(ren)士(shi)(shi);民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)建(jian)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)工(gong)商业者;民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)进(jin)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小学(xue)教(jiao)职员(yuan)及(ji)文(wen)(wen)化出版(ban)界人(ren)士(shi)(shi);农工(gong)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)经济建(jian)设有(you)关(guan)人(ren)员(yuan);致公党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)归侨(qiao)(qiao);九三(san)学(xue)社重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)学(xue)术界人(ren)士(shi)(shi);台盟重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)归侨(qiao)(qiao)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)台湾籍(ji)同胞。一(yi)段时期之后,一(yi)些民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)成(cheng)员(yuan)提出,关(guan)于(yu)组织发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方针政策(ce)限制(zhi)了(le)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),建(jian)议(yi)(yi)进(jin)行修改。1956年,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)(yang)统战部印发(fa)(fa)(fa)了(le)《关(guan)于(yu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)工(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)几个问题(ti)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)指示(草(cao)案(an))》,指出,“对(dui)于(yu)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)组织的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)问题(ti),应(ying)当尊重(zhong)(zhong)它(ta)(ta)们独(du)立(li)平等(deng)(deng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)地(di)位,由它(ta)(ta)们自(zi)己去决定(ding)方针和(he)(he)(he)步(bu)(bu)骤,在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)它(ta)(ta)们所联系的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)社会基(ji)础上(shang)(shang)(shang)自(zi)由发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。”强(qiang)调不(bu)要(yao)把(ba)(ba)各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)协商确定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)分(fen)(fen)工(gong)理解成(cheng)为(wei)(wei)机械的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)划分(fen)(fen)范(fan)围;各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)象(xiang)(xiang)以它(ta)(ta)们所联系的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)阶级(ji)、阶层(ceng)(ceng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu);发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)地(di)区以大(da)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城市为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),不(bu)等(deng)(deng)于(yu)只能(neng)在(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上(shang)(shang)(shang)层(ceng)(ceng)和(he)(he)(he)大(da)、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城市发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),不(bu)能(neng)把(ba)(ba)“为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”理解成(cheng)“唯一(yi)”。不(bu)久,全国(guo)开始(shi)开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)反右派(pai)(pai)斗争,文(wen)(wen)件因而未获(huo)结果。直到“文(wen)(wen)化大(da)革(ge)命”结束,各(ge)(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组织发(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)基(ji)本(ben)处于(yu)停(ting)滞状态。

  二、“三(san)个为主”方针(zhen)的(de)重新提(ti)出(chu)和各民(min)主党派组织的(de)恢复发(fa)展阶段

  “文(wen)(wen)化大革命”结束后,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党(dang)在统(tong)一(yi)(yi)(yi)战线(xian)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)(gong)作中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)拨乱反正(zheng),落实(shi)政(zheng)策,各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)开始(shi)恢复(fu)活(huo)动,组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)问题也提(ti)(ti)上了(le)(le)议事(shi)日(ri)程。1979年(nian)(nian)(nian),各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)都召开了(le)(le)全(quan)国(guo)(guo)代(dai)表(biao)大会(hui),共(gong)(gong)(gong)有(you)65000名党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)参加会(hui)议,而绝大多(duo)(duo)数已(yi)超过(guo)60岁(sui)。之后,经(jing)过(guo)几(ji)年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)着重吸(xi)收了(le)(le)一(yi)(yi)(yi)批中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)年(nian)(nian)(nian)知识(shi)分(fen)子,1983年(nian)(nian)(nian)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)已(yi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)到12万(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren),平(ping)均年(nian)(nian)(nian)龄也有(you)所降低(di)。1983年(nian)(nian)(nian),根(gen)据中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央书(shu)记处指(zhi)示,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央统(tong)战部(bu)(bu)与(yu)各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)负责人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)就组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)等(deng)(deng)问题进(jin)行协商,形成(cheng)(cheng)了(le)(le)《关于民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)座谈会(hui)纪要(yao)(yao)(yao)》。《纪要(yao)(yao)(yao)》指(zhi)出(chu)(chu):各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)今后仍继(ji)续维持(chi)原(yuan)有(you)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)重点分(fen)工(gong)(gong)。即:民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)革为(wei)(wei)原(yuan)国(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)和(he)与(yu)国(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)有(you)历史联(lian)(lian)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)盟为(wei)(wei)文(wen)(wen)教(jiao)界(着重高(gao)等(deng)(deng)院校(xiao))人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)建(jian)(jian)为(wei)(wei)同(tong)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)建(jian)(jian)有(you)历史联(lian)(lian)系(xi)或(huo)有(you)密切工(gong)(gong)作联(lian)(lian)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)从事(shi)工(gong)(gong)商企业和(he)其他经(jing)济工(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)进(jin)为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)小(xiao)学(xue)教(jiao)师(shi)、师(shi)范院校(xiao)和(he)文(wen)(wen)化出(chu)(chu)版界人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),农(nong)工(gong)(gong)党(dang)为(wei)(wei)医(yi)药(yao)卫生界人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),致公(gong)党(dang)为(wei)(wei)归国(guo)(guo)华侨(qiao)和(he)侨(qiao)眷(juan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),九三(san)学(xue)社为(wei)(wei)科学(xue)技术(shu)界人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),台盟为(wei)(wei)居住在大陆上的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)台湾省(sheng)籍(ji)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi)。各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)(dui)象(xiang),仍维持(chi)原(yuan)商定的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)、以(yi)各(ge)自(zi)(zi)所联(lian)(lian)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)们中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上层为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)则。即发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)各(ge)自(zi)(zi)所联(lian)(lian)系(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)们中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)有(you)一(yi)(yi)(yi)定代(dai)表(biao)性(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi),并注(zhu)意在有(you)代(dai)表(biao)性(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)年(nian)(nian)(nian)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)地(di)(di)区仍以(yi)大中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),并根(gen)据各(ge)自(zi)(zi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)力(li)量和(he)条件(jian),在工(gong)(gong)作对(dui)(dui)象(xiang)较多(duo)(duo)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)小(xiao)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan),建(jian)(jian)立(li)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)。一(yi)(yi)(yi)般(ban)不(bu)在县(xian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),过(guo)去已(yi)建(jian)(jian)立(li)县(xian)级组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)也不(bu)撤销。在新(xin)疆(jiang)、内蒙等(deng)(deng)边疆(jiang)少数民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)族地(di)(di)区,目(mu)前只在主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan),建(jian)(jian)立(li)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)。西藏仍不(bu)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)。针(zhen)对(dui)(dui)各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)分(fen)工(gong)(gong)交叉(cha)问题,《纪要(yao)(yao)(yao)》认为(wei)(wei),可以(yi)参照贵州省(sheng)委统(tong)战部(bu)(bu)同(tong)各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)协商提(ti)(ti)出(chu)(chu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)“遵守协议,照顾历史,尊重自(zi)(zi)愿,协商解决(jue)”的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)原(yuan)则。根(gen)据《纪要(yao)(yao)(yao)》精(jing)神,中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央统(tong)战部(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求各(ge)地(di)(di)统(tong)战部(bu)(bu)门(men)协助各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)地(di)(di)方组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)工(gong)(gong)作;各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)制(zhi)定了(le)(le)各(ge)自(zi)(zi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)计划。经(jing)过(guo)两年(nian)(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)快速发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),到1985年(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)总(zong)数已(yi)经(jing)达(da)到17.8万(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)。1986年(nian)(nian)(nian),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央统(tong)战部(bu)(bu)在《关于新(xin)时(shi)期(qi)党(dang)对(dui)(dui)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)工(gong)(gong)作的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)方针(zhen)任务的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)报告》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),对(dui)(dui)1983年(nian)(nian)(nian)提(ti)(ti)出(chu)(chu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)“一(yi)(yi)(yi)般(ban)不(bu)在县(xian)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)”作出(chu)(chu)修改,提(ti)(ti)出(chu)(chu)“鉴于当前统(tong)战工(gong)(gong)作已(yi)深入到县(xian),今后民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)在一(yi)(yi)(yi)部(bu)(bu)分(fen)经(jing)济文(wen)(wen)化较发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)达(da)、民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)对(dui)(dui)象(xiang)集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)县(xian)城(cheng)可以(yi)有(you)计划有(you)步骤地(di)(di)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan),建(jian)(jian)立(li)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)。”1989年(nian)(nian)(nian),按照邓小(xiao)平(ping)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)提(ti)(ti)议,由中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)和(he)各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)共(gong)(gong)(gong)同(tong)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)文(wen)(wen)件(jian)起草小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu),研究制(zhi)定了(le)(le)《中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)(gong)(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央关于坚持(chi)和(he)完善中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)共(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)党(dang)领导(dao)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)多(duo)(duo)党(dang)合作和(he)政(zheng)治协商制(zhi)度的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)意见》,明确(que)规定:“各(ge)民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)意提(ti)(ti)高(gao)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)素(su)质。吸(xi)收新(xin)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)注(zhu)意政(zheng)治质量,德才并重。发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)组(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)(zu)织(zhi)要(yao)(yao)(yao)坚持(chi)已(yi)协商确(que)定的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)范围和(he)对(dui)(dui)象(xiang),坚持(chi)以(yi)大中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城(cheng)市(shi)(shi)、有(you)一(yi)(yi)(yi)定代(dai)表(biao)性(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)士(shi)(shi)为(wei)(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)。”截至1989年(nian)(nian)(nian)底(di),民(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)派(pai)(pai)(pai)成(cheng)(cheng)员(yuan)已(yi)经(jing)增至33.7万(wan)人(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren)(ren),10年(nian)(nian)(nian)间平(ping)均每年(nian)(nian)(nian)增长17.9%。

  三、“三个为主”方(fang)针进一步完善和各民主党(dang)派组织的稳定发展阶段(duan)

  1993年(nian)(nian)7月(yue)(yue),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)统战(zhan)(zhan)部(bu)向中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)报送的(de)(de)(de)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)新形势下统一战(zhan)(zhan)线工作(zuo)调(diao)研综述》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),第一次使用了(le)“三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”(坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)已(yi)协(xie)(xie)商(shang)确(que)(que)定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)分(fen)工范围(wei),主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)在中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)高级党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)外(wai)知识分(fen)子(zi)有一定(ding)代表性的(de)(de)(de)人(ren)士(shi)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)吸(xi)收(shou)成(cheng)员,坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)以大中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu))的(de)(de)(de)提(ti)法。同年(nian)(nian)11月(yue)(yue),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)统战(zhan)(zhan)部(bu)部(bu)长王(wang)兆国(guo)在第18次全(quan)(quan)国(guo)统战(zhan)(zhan)工作(zuo)会(hui)议上,第一次正(zheng)式(shi)提(ti)出(chu),“支持(chi)(chi)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)有计划地稳步发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)成(cheng)员,在发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)注重(zhong)(zhong)质量,继续坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)‘三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)’”。1994年(nian)(nian),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)统战(zhan)(zhan)部(bu)就贯彻(che)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)工作(zuo)有关(guan)(guan)问题(ti)的(de)(de)(de)通(tong)知》情(qing)况的(de)(de)(de)通(tong)报中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),明确(que)(que)提(ti)出(chu)“以大中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)城(cheng)(cheng)市(shi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),以中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)上层人(ren)士(shi)为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu),以协(xie)(xie)商(shang)确(que)(que)定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)(dian)分(fen)工为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”,是(shi)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)已(yi)坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)多年(nian)(nian)的(de)(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)原则。1996年(nian)(nian)3月(yue)(yue),中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)统战(zhan)(zhan)部(bu)邀请八(ba)个民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)负责人(ren)就组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)若干问题(ti)进(jin)行协(xie)(xie)商(shang),形成(cheng)了(le)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)若干问题(ti)座(zuo)谈会(hui)纪(ji)(ji)要(yao)》。《纪(ji)(ji)要(yao)》提(ti)出(chu),民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)本方(fang)针是(shi):“坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)‘三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)’,注重(zhong)(zhong)政治(zhi)素质,发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)与巩固(gu)相结合,有计划地稳步发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)”。至此,各民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)“三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”方(fang)针正(zheng)式(shi)确(que)(que)立。1997年(nian)(nian),各民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)召开全(quan)(quan)国(guo)代表大会(hui)时(shi),都将“三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)方(fang)针写入了(le)各自章程。2004年(nian)(nian)10月(yue)(yue),八(ba)个民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)《关(guan)(guan)于(yu)进(jin)一步做好(hao)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)工作(zuo)座(zuo)谈会(hui)纪(ji)(ji)要(yao)》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)进(jin)一步强调(diao),在组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)应着重(zhong)(zhong)把握好(hao)“三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”、注重(zhong)(zhong)质量、保持(chi)(chi)特(te)色(se)、组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)与后(hou)备(bei)干部(bu)队(dui)伍建设相结合的(de)(de)(de)原则。2005年(nian)(nian)《中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共(gong)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央(yang)关(guan)(guan)于(yu)进(jin)一步加强中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)产(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)领导的(de)(de)(de)多党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)合作(zuo)和(he)政治(zhi)协(xie)(xie)商(shang)制度建设的(de)(de)(de)意见》中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),对此原则再次加以重(zhong)(zhong)申。“三个为(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)”方(fang)针是(shi)各民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)和(he)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)共(gong)产(chan)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)共(gong)同协(xie)(xie)商(shang)制定(ding)的(de)(de)(de)民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)组(zu)织(zhi)发(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)原则,不仅符合民(min)(min)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)派(pai)(pai)的(de)(de)(de)历史(shi)特(te)点(dian)(dian),也符合参(can)政党(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)(dang)参(can)加国(guo)家政治(zhi)生活的(de)(de)(de)基(ji)本特(te)点(dian)(dian)和(he)现实(shi)要(yao)求。

   (原题为《民主党(dang)派(pai)组(zu)织发展 “三个为主”方(fang)针的由来》)

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